Regular brushing and flossing your teeth is essential to maintain good oral hygiene. Dentists suggest that your brushing must be in the manner that your teeth are well maintained and also flossing are essential to remove plaque. Read more about What entails brushing and flossing?
Brushing techniques are prescribed by dentists in order to ensure that food particles do not remain in the mouth which can cause tooth decay in the long run.
Recommended brushing techniques:
The Bass or Sulcus technique:
This is the widely accepted technique for removing plaque that is adjacent as well as underneath the gingival margin. One has to place the bristles at a 45 angle to the gingival and then moved in a circular fashion. Repeat the strokes 20 times, focusing on 3 teeth at a time. As far as anterior teeth are concerned the brush is pressed onto to the gingival sulci and then proximally surfaced at 45 angles. The bristles are activated and later the Occlusal surfaces are cleaned by pressing the bristles rather firmly and later activating the bristles.
The advantage of this it is effective in removing plaque and also ensures effective gingival stimulation. The disadvantage can cause injury to the gingival margin. It is also time-consuming.
Modified Bass Technique:
It focuses on the sweeping motion from cervical to an incisal or occlusal surface. It is considered to be a routine oral hygiene measure which involves intramuscular cleansing. The advantage of this form of cleansing is that it involves excellent sulcus cleaning as well as proper inters proximal and gingival cleaning. Also, gingival simulation is good. The disadvantage is dexterity.
Modified Still man Technique:
The dental plaque is removed by cleaning the tooth surfaces and gingival massage. It is time-consuming and can damage the epithelial attachment.
This involves the positioning of the filaments towards one’s chewing surface of one’s tooth. One has to vibrate gently the filaments but be firm, thus keeping the filaments against the tooth. The advantage is one can massage and stimulate the gingival, but the disadvantage is the poor removal of the sub gingival bacterial oriented accumulations. Also, it involves limited brushing.
One has to direct the located filaments towards one’s roof of the specific tooth. The brush has to be placed on the gingival and one has to also place the plastic portion of the brush evenly to the tooth pressing the filament and against the gingival and then one has to roll the brush over one’s teeth. The wrist is slightly turned and filaments will thus follow the contours of one’s teeth.
Scrub Method requires that motions that are vigorous and are horizontal, circular and vertical in motion. The disadvantage is that is it is not so effective in removing plaque and tooth abrasion is the possible and gingival recession.
Vertical and Leonard Method:
Bristles are placed at 90 degrees to the facial surface of one’s teeth. Brushing is vigorous without too much pressure by pushing the brush up and down. It is convenient for very young children who have deciduous teeth. The disadvantages are that the inter-dental spacing of adult teeth are not properly cleaned.
Bristles are initially or occlusal pointed and then are moved along the tooth surface and gingival. The advantage is it involves natural self- cleansing whereas the disadvantage is that inter-dental spaces and secular part of the teeth do not get properly cleaned.
How to floss?
Flossing is essential to keep teeth in good shape and remove plaque. What comprises good flossing?
- Begin with 18 inches of floss. Most of the floss should be around the middle finger, thus leaving about an inch or two floss to work with.
- Hold the floss tautly between one’s thumb and index finger.
- Then slide it gently between the teeth in a gentle manner up and down.
- In a gentle manner curve the floss around the bass of the tooth and make sure the one flosses beneath the gum as well.
- The floss must be clean as one moves from tooth to tooth. In other words, the cleaner section of the floss must be used.
- To remove the used floss the back and forth motion must be used in order to bring the floss away from one’s teeth.
The flosses to be used should be nylon and PTFE. Nylon floss is waxed as well unwaxed. PTFE is more expensive but slides easily unlike nylon which can break while being used.